And even if the trade agreement is approved, it would not in any way create a stream of money designated for the construction of a border wall. Once that happens, their hope is that the tide will turn against Trump and he'll be pressured to give up on the wall funding.
The U.S. -Mexico border is roughly 2,000 miles long.
Mr Trump contended the Democrats see the shutdown fight as "an election point" as he celebrated his own first two years in office. Smithsonian museums in Washington, DC are closed, and the National Park Service has stopped maintenance and trash collection, including on the National Mall right in front of the White House and the US Capitol.
Trump is now insisting that Congress appropriate $5.7 billion for that project, while Democrats want a short-term spending bill for the Department of Homeland Security and full-year funding for the other affected agencies while funding for the wall is negotiated separately.
Senate Democrats support the House Democratic plan, and Schumer, D-New York, and Pelosi, D-California, have been in constant contact and are on the same page on the plan, a senior Senate Democratic aide said.
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and House Speaker-to-be Nancy Pelosi made their first visit to the White House since their December 11 meeting with Trump, when he said he would be "proud" to take responsibility for a government shutdown in his effort to force Congress to spend billions of dollars on a wall along the southern border.
On Jan. 3, a new set of House members will be sworn in, and the majority swings by dozens of seats from Republicans to Democrats. The US$5.6 billion Trump is demanding would finance about 320km of wall, and less than 160km has already been constructed or renovated, according to Department of Homeland Security officials. He added that Trump and Republicans "are now feeling the heat".
House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi, who is expected to become Speaker on Thursday (local time), said Democrats would take action to "end the Trump Shutdown" by immediately passing legislation to reopen Government.
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Schumer said Trump could not provide a "good answer" for opposing the bills.
The gathering Wednesday afternoon should be different, at least publicly.
The session is being held in the high-security Situation Room at the White House, which is typically used to handle sensitive information.
John Kelly told the Los Angeles Times in an interview published Sunday that Trump abandoned the notion of "a solid concrete wall early on in the administration". The administration has so far rejected the plan, which does not include funding to build a wall along the U.S. -Mexico border. He said he would build a concrete wall, 30-feet tall in most places, to keep people out. "Our goal is to treat Climate Change like the serious, existential threat it is by drafting an ambitious solution on the scale necessary - aka a Green New Deal - to get it done". More important, what extra money does come in will be from tariffs, which are paid by people in the USA, not Mexico.
The bills would allocate $1.3bn for border security measures, such as increased surveillance and fencing. "They try and make it like it's just about the wall and it is about the wall". That measure would provide money through the remainder of the fiscal year, to September 30.
After Democrats won the House in 2018, Pelosi became poised to challenge President Donald Trump and Republicans on a number of high-profile issues like immigration and the Russian Federation investigation. "I know Trump gets all the attention and his wall".
A Democratic-led House will undoubtedly slow Trump's legislative agenda.