Furthermore, although enteroviruses are capable of causing neurological illnesses such as meningitis, and acute flaccid myelitis, the investigators state that instances of this happening are few and far between.
"We have not been able to find a cause for the majority of these" cases, Nancy Messonnier, director of the CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, said Wednesday at a news conference. Norton Healthcare has seen three, including a local patient, another from IN and one from Kentucky but outside Louisville.
The CDC says this is still a rare condition that affects less than one in 1 million people per year.
States reporting suspected cases or cases under investigation are Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Washington. AFM appears to be seasonal, occurring mostly in the late summer and fall, but appears in greater numbers every other year.
Federal health officials have issued an unusual warning about a growing number of cases of a polio-like illness called acute flaccid myelitis, also known as AFM.
The CDC has been investigating at least 386 possible cases of acute flaccid myelitis dating to 2014 and recently confirmed 62 cases in 22 states this year.
AFM attacks the patient's nervous system (and the spinal cord, in particular) resulting in extreme weakness of the arms and legs.
"We had a case in 2016 and we did not see other cases and any other problems", Rathore said. "We were trying to stand her up and she'd collapse". "We know that some patients diagnosed with AFM have recovered quickly and some continue to have paralysis and require ongoing care". The health officials had reported nearly 87 cases nationwide which includes 26 states.
Here's a six-question Q&A, with answers from CDC, that might answer some of your questions.
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According to WBTV, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says one of the cases of Acute Flaccid Myelitis, or AFM, is in Huntersville.
Q. Is it a new condition?
Q. What are the symptoms? "The hallmark is sudden onset of weakness in the arms or the legs". Some people with AFM may be unable to pass urine. "If they can't breathe, we put them on a ventilator". The CDC's surveillance shows an increase in AFM cases beginning this August, as well.
Q. What causes the condition? In 2015, the CDC identified 22 patients who exhibited symptoms of AFM.
Q. What can be done to prevent it?
You can protect against bites from mosquitoes, which can carry West Nile virus, by using mosquito repellent, staying indoors at dusk and dawn (when bites are more common), and removing standing or stagnant water near your home (where mosquitoes can breed).
Priya Duggal, a genetic epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health who is studying whether some patients may have a genetic vulnerability to the virus, told Science that AFM is "pretty rare, but it's pretty devastating".
Q. How is the condition diagnosed? It is important that the tests are done as soon as possible after the patient develops symptoms.
"In this case, there's no connection between the affected individuals", said Pastore y Piontti. The 2014 AFM outbreak coincided with the largest ever national outbreak of enterovirus D68, but researchers at the CDC and at UT Southwestern have recovered D68 samples from only a small subset of patients.