Salman and his retinue looked on in confusion for several moments, before the 81-year-old king began to descend the staircase step by step.
The two countries also signed a series of multi-billion dollar investment deals including one to create a US$1 billion (S$1.3 billion) fund to pursue energy projects.
The Saudi monarch's decision to visit Russian Federation, now of all times, marks a new shift in Riyadh's foreign policy, Vyacheslav Smirnov, director of the Scientific and Research Institute for Political Sociology, told Radio Sputnik.
Russia, like Iran, is also a key partner of the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad, who Saudi Arabia has opposed.
Novak reminded that 24 countries are participating in the oil production cut agreement, and added that other countries are welcome to participate. He also said he had accepted the king's invitation to visit Saudi Arabia. In Russia, President Vladimir Putin said he's open to prolonging a deal with OPEC to curb supplies, though a decision won't be made until the current agreement nears expiry in March. Investments in a number of sectors of the Russian economy have been approved, including in large-scale projects. Total volume traded was 35% below the 100-day average. According to the Ministry of Economic Development, the volume of trade between the two countries has increased by 30% in the first half of 2017 compared to the same period a year ago, having amounted to $430 million.
Cooperation between Gazprom Neft and Saudi Aramco envisages collaboration in various areas, including drilling and well workover technologies, improvements to pumping systems, and the development of large-scale non-metal pipes.
You can now share your Instagram Stories directly on Facebook
Many called the introduction of Stories to the newsfeed a last-ditch effort to get the feature to catch on with Facebook users. Reportedly Facebook had been testing a new feature that appeared for Portugal users last month.
Land Rover reveals new Range Rover Sport plug-in hybrid
Visually, the SUV got an even more sober front fascia through a sportier bumper, slightly redesigned grille, and new headlights. And if the hybrid isn't for you, a new 296bhp 2.0-litre turbocharged petrol engine has joined the Range Rover Sport line-up.
Tropical depression likely Wednesday in southern Caribbean
Regardless of development, this system will likely produce heavy rains over portions of Central America during the next few days. Hurricane season runs through November 30, and although activity has slowed down in the past 10 days, it has not ceased.
The visit by the Saudi king - and his 1,000-strong delegation - is seen as an expression of that revived power, she says. These are part of efforts by two of the world's biggest oil producers to increase cooperation.
Any sign that the deal could unravel could see oil and gas prices fall back down, pinching the finances once again for countries like Saudi Arabia and Russian Federation. Russia's largest oil company Rosneft will discuss joint oil trade on world markets with Saudi Aramco.
Defense was another topic.
Saudi Arabia has agreed to buy Russian S-400 surface-to-air missile systems, Saudi-owned al Arabiya television reported on Thursday. However, no contracts have been signed yet.
Russian analysts say that King Salman is seeking to diversify Saudi alliances because of uncertainty over Donald Trump's Middle East polices.
"Moscow has been entertaining the idea of selling its weapons to Saudi Arabia but it seems that Riyadh is not ready to go that far", Barmin told CNNMoney.
"Relations between Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia have reached a historical moment", said Jubeir, speaking through an interpreter. The parties discussed packages of agreements worth up to $20 billion, but no solid contracts were signed.
But their desperate need to rescue oil prices brought them together past year and that partnership was the focus of talks Thursday between King Salman and President Vladimir Putin in Moscow.